Gas Recovery and Reuse from closure of three Delhi Landfills
Client: Municipal Corporation of Delhi
Delhi is generating around 6,000 tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) per day, which is mainly disposed in the open dumpsites. Presently, there are three operational dumpsites in Delhi, namely, Ghazipur (East Delhi), Bhalswa (North) and Okhla (South East). All these dumpsites have been receiving waste for more than 15 years, with Ghazipur being the oldest site operating since 1984. The accumulated waste in these dumpsites was estimated to be more than 10 million tons. The objectives of the project are to rehabilitate and close the three uncontrolled municipal solid waste (MSW) dump sites over the next 2-3 years in an environmentally sustainable manner including control of methane gas emissions and leachate to take advantage of Carbon Finance opportunities. The main component of the project will includes preparing an engineered landfill closure plans for all three landfill sites; collecting landfill gases containing methane from three large Delhi landfills that will be closed over the next two to three years; and investigating possible end uses of the collected methane (after treatment to remove impurities) by local industries or households to substitute for fossil fuels. The project was funded by The World Bank.
Detailed Feasibility Assessment and PMC for Landfill Gas (LFG) recovery & its conversion to CNG at Ghazipur Landfill site, Delhi
Client: GAIL (India) Limited
This is pilot R&D project for conversion of LFG to CNG and its utilization from Ghazipur landfill site, Delhi. Solid waste landfill operation started in Ghazipur site in the year 1984 and is one of the oldest landfill sites of MCD. The accumulated waste in this landfill site is estimated to be 3.95 million m3. The project involves closure and capping of the landfill, installation of gas extraction wells, extraction of LFG, LFG cleaning and conversion to CNG
Solid Waste Management PPP Project, Maldives
Client: International Finance Corporation
Solid waste is the most visible environmental threat to Maldives. The management of solid waste is especially challenging in the Maldives, even more so than other small island states. With a population spread across numerous islands, there is little scope for harnessing economies of scale. Thus, the costs of service delivery are high. With restricted land endowments, the space available for waste disposal is limited, calling for the waste stream to be minimized through such means as recycling and composting. The country’s fragile marine ecosystem requires that special attention be given to the choice of technology and system design to mitigate adverse impacts, particularly those that could damage the Maldives’ primary asset: which is relatively unspoiled marine environment. The project involved development sustainable waste management for the Male region which includes waste collection from islands & resort, hauling the waste to Thilafushi island for treatment and disposal through Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
Technical & Financial Feasibility Study for Solid Waste Management Component – North Central Region, Maldives
Client: Ministry Housing, Transport and Environment, Maldives
The project seeks to improve and develop a socially and environmentally sustainable system of solid waste management that reduces the associated environmental and public health risks and can be replicated and scaled up across the country. The geographical scope of this project was North Central Region, which is currently under-served by waste management facilities. This consultancy assignment is a part of the Regional Solid Waste Management (RSWM) component requiring a technical, financial, and environmental feasibility study to select the most suitable waste management option, taking into account technological and site location issues. The study was conducted using a screening and selection process known as the Best Practical Environmental Option (BPEO). The BPEO analysis involves a process of identifying viable scenarios for waste management, followed by a process of performance assessment against a number of decision criteria such as technical, environment, social, financial viability, and cost, in order to determine which scenario is the preferred option. This process involves a continuous interplay between the environmental dimension and the technical/financial dimension to determine the most suitable waste management option and location for the RWMF. The project was funded by the World Bank.
City Development Plan for Madhya Pradesh - Phase I & II
Client: Urban Administration and Development Dept. Government of M.P.
Urban Administration and Development Department (UADD), GoMP have appointed SENES Consultants India Pvt. Ltd for preparing the CDP’s for different Urban Local Bodies ( ULBs) in the state, which includes Nepanagar, Sanawad, Gotegoan, Kareli, Tendukheda ,Sohagpur, Babai ,Timarni and Khirkiya.
The smaller ULBs in the state have not been able to get benefit from the various urban development schemes proposed by Government of India (GoI) and Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP). To increase the capacity of smaller ULBs in the state for availing the benefits of the various government schemes, the need was felt for proper planning and developing the strategic framework for converging and coordinating development inputs.
CDP is both a prospective and vision for the future development of the town. The objective of the project was to establish a logical and consistent framework for integrated development of the town; secure linkages between asset creation and maintenance for project sustainability; accelerating the flow of investment into urban infrastructure sector; regulating the development of towns including inner city areas, peri urban areas, outgrowth and urban corridors and ensuring availability of services to urban poor.
Kolkata Solid Waste
Management Improvement Project
Client: Kolkata Metropolitan
A sustainable waste management concept has been developed to service six municipalities in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and act as a pilot project for modernization of the waste management system in the State of West Bengal. The project is being executed by KMDA with funding support from Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA). It is divided into three distinct phases namely: Phase I: Basic Design, Phase II: Tendering Assistance and Phase III: Implementation. Project outputs can be broadly divided into two categories of Engineering and Procurement Packages and Soft Components. The Engineering Packages include design and construction of SWM facilities and procurement of the necessary equipments to operate the system. On the other hand, the activities that are necessary in order to bring about behavioural changes in the community and to sustain the integrated SWM are included under the Soft Components. SENES has been retained at the Project Management Consultant for the project in a joint venture partnership with Yachiyo Engineering Co. Ltd., Tokyo.
SENES has been involved in preparation of basic designs for all engineering packages of the project including Transfer Stations, Compost Plants, Sanitary Landfill and Septic Tank Sludge Treatment Systems, Road Improvement, etc. SENES was also involved in preparation of pre-qualification and tender documents for various construction and procurement packages and assisted the client in evaluation of the proposals and bids and finalisation of the contracts with selected bidders. Thereafter in course of project implementation SENES has been responsible for reviewing the detailed designs prepared by respective contractors and for technical supervision of the construction activities under different packages.
The project also has a strong social component – appropriately termed as the soft component. SENES has been actively involved in implementing the soft components of the project directed at creating awareness of the common citizens of the municipalities so that they can consciously take into cognition and adopt the segregation of biodegradable and non- biodegradable waste at the house hold itself and in the process become active stakeholders to the project. The soft component has also worked out a way for rehabilitation of ragpickers by involving all municipal authorities, socially conscious individuals and organizations, academic institutions and concerned families.
Implementation of Environmental Management Plan for National Vector Borne Disease Control Program
Client: Directorate National Vector Borne Disease Control Program, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt of India
The National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme (NVBDCP) is an umbrella programme for the prevention and control of vector borne diseases, jointly implemented by the Government of India and the respective state governments. The program covers malaria, kala-azar, lymphatic filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, and dengue. A part of the programme is being implemented with support from the World Bank, which includes the elimination of kala-azar and control of malaria in over 96 districts of seven states of Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. The National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme has initiated the implementation of the Environmental Management Program to integrate environmental safeguards into the program primarily due to use of insecticides. SENES Consultants India Pvt. Ltd (SENES) was hired to undertake the assignment of implementation of the Environmental Management Program.
SENES’s responsibilities include develop in an Environmental Codes of Practice for the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program in consultation with all the participating states so that the same can be adopted at the National level. We were also responsible for implementing these environmental safeguards.
SENES had conducted Training of Trainer workshop through which approximately 500 district and sub district level officials were trained. These trainers in turn had trained their sub-ordinate staff/field level workers under SENES supervision. For this purpose a Training Manual was prepared by SENES where the safeguards mentioned in the ECOP were explained pictographically for easier comprehension of the field level workers.
During the Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) round of 2012 SENES professional had visited all the 98 districts in these seven states and had provide hand-holding support to in EMP Implementation. The environmental safeguards suggested in the ECOP e.g. IRS practices, use of Personal Protective Equipments, storage techniques, community involvement were observed and evaluated and necessary advocacy carried among stakeholders e..g, district officials, beneficiary to adopt the safe practice suggested in the ECOP.
To ensure objective evaluation of the implementation of the EMP SENES had developed a web- based Monitoring and Evaluations system whereby any official visiting an IRS program in any district can record his feedback based on which the performance of the district can be evaluated objectively.
Most of the suggestions in the ECOP’s have been implemented with success and integrated into the IRS Program.
Environmental Impact Assessment for over 15 Iron Ore & Manganese Mines in Orissa & Jharkhand
Client: Essel Mines, Rungta Mines, Mittersen Mines, National Enterprises, etc.
SENES in association Cleenviron of Orissa is carrying out Environmental Impact Assessments for over 15 iron ore and manganese mines in Orissa and Jharkhand belonging to various private mining companies such as Esssel Mines, Naibhanga Mines, Rungta Mines, Seerajuddin Mines, National Enterprises, Penguin Trading & Agencies Ltd and Mittersen Mines. The projects involves baseline data generation on physical, biological and socio-economic environment, impact assessment, formulation of EMP, and providing assistance for conducting Public Hearing and obtaining environmental clearance from state level as well as central level regulatory agencies.
CDM registration of Solar projects under PoA approach
involves development of a Programme of Activities (PoA) for grid
connected solar power projects in India. The PoA is already
registered with UNFCCC with reference no: 5588 & providing a way for
fast track registration of all grid connected solar power projects
in India. More than 100MW solar projects across India are availing
CDM benefits through solar PoA which is highest in terms of capacity
& number of projects. By the way of PoA Solar project developers can
avoid lengthy documentation process of UNFCCC & bypass UNFCCC
pipeline to save around 18 months of time. Also since there is no
scrutiny of the individual CPAs by UNFCCC it removes the risk of
• Programmatic Approach (PoA) is the only possible way to register
the CDM project before 2012 deadline.
• Individual CPAs have a drastically shorter time to market for
project operators who wish to secure CER revenues since the
inclusion of CPAs in a registered PoA no longer require approval
from the CDM Executive Board in Bonn.
• Adding CPAs leads to substantially lower transaction costs that
stand-alone CDM projects because the registration and verification
processes for CPAs are streamlined.
• Full scalability: In contrast to a standard CDM project, a PoA
does not need to define beforehand the scale and location of each
• Opportunities to convert future carbon revenues into upfront
carbon finance by reducing the risk of non-registration and
shortening the lag before CDM income is realized. This point is
particularly important, as this can improve the factual
additionality of CDM projects, by making carbon-related revenues
tangible at the point of financial closure.
One of the major advantage for the projects under PoA apart from
time & cost saving is that buyers of the CERs coming from projects
under the PoA are offering better prices in the forward deals
because of the zero risk involved of the non-registration. Since the
PoA is registered on the date of 28th March, 2012 i.e. in the first
commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, it is foreseen that the
projects which are getting added under PoA even after December 2012
will be considered as the 1st commitment period projects & the CERs
generated from those projects will have an advantage in term of the
price. This completely omits the fear or uncertainty among the solar
project developers regarding the non availability of the buyers of
the CERs in the market for the projects getting registration after
December, 2012. .
Biomass Power Based CDM Project by AB Grains
Client: AB Grains
The project consists of producing renewable energy by using rice husk as a source of fuel in place of coal. Thereby avoiding anthropogenic GHG emission to atmosphere and thus claiming carbon credits. The electricity generated from the 8.9 MW cogeneration plant will be used to meet the captive requirement, part of it would be sold to another distillery and surplus electricity will be exported to the state grid
(HVPNL), which is a part of the NEWNE grid.
The biomass residues available in the region are rice husk, and also wheat barley sorghum, corn, milo, bajra and similar other cereals. These are renewable fuels, hence, their combustion for power generation does not lead to additional carbon dioxide (CO2) emission into the atmosphere. The technology employed is direct combustion of biomass in a boiler to generate high pressure steam to run a turbo generator.
Biomass Power Based Project by Pinakine Power
Client: Pinakine Power
Pinakine Power Projects Pvt. Ltd. (PPPL) is establishing a biomass based power project at Dommara Nandyala village, Jammalamadugu taluq, Y.S.R district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The proposed small scale project activity will utilize the biomass residues grown in nearby areas in the project region, to generate renewable power through sustainable means without causing any negative impacts on the environment.
The project thus leads to reduction in GHG emissions by replacing fossil fuel generated energy by biomass generated energy. The generated power, after meeting the auxiliary power requirements on site, will be sold to the southern regional grid system. The net exported electricity will be metered at 132 kV substation located near project site in Dommara Nandyal village. Project will generate approximately 36,000 CERs annually.
Gold Standard Project for energy efficiency measures at Delhi Metro Stations
Client: Delhi Metro
The project involves implementation of energy
efficiency measures in around 50 stations of Delhi Metro managed by
DMRC. The energy efficiency measures have been undertaken primarily
in the Heating, Venting and Air Conditioning (HVAC) and lighting
system of station buildings. The measures adopted in the HVAC system
result in reduction in electrical energy consumption, in comparison
to that for a station buildings forming a part of Phase I of Delhi
Metro with similar size (in terms of floor area) and architectural
perspectives. Thus results in reduction of GHG emissions and
claiming carbon credits for the same.
• The project activity essentially reduces
electricity consumption by the station buildings thus allows the
electricity to flow to other important activities in the state.
Electricity is one of the basic amenities always in demand due to
lack of supply, hence the project contributes towards meeting the
electricity needs of the people to the extent the electricity
displaced for coming years and thus leading to improvement of
quality of life of the people in the state.
• The carbon credit fund expected from the project
activity will encourage similar entities for investing in energy
efficient projects/ initiative and contribute towards meeting the
energy demand of the people in the country. A number of metro
projects are being developed across country and such projects are
expected to replicate the initiative by DMRC.
• As an objective of all project activity, the
project also leads to reduction of GHG emissions from anthropogenic
sources. Thus the project leads to overall improvement of
environment due to reduced usage of fossil fuels in anthropogenic
activities directly or indirectly attributed to the project. The
objective of the project is to avail Verified Emission
Reductions(VERs) by registering the project under the Gold Standard
GIS mapping for preparation of LUDCP in Haldia Development Authority area
Client: Haldia Development Authority
SENES has been entrusted with the assignment for updating the existing Land Use and Development Control Plan (LUDCP) and preparation of zonal development plan for proper land management, tracking of records and transactions related to land and for assisting in future urban planning of the area. SENES has been entrusted with the assignment of preparing a cadaster level multilayer GIS land use map covering 326 sq.km area using hi-resolution multispectral satellite imagery (QuickBird) supported by secondary data sources like mouza maps, P.S. maps and ground survey data. The project involves transferring plot level information through seamless mosaicing of existing mouza maps and also incorporating important physical features like national and state highways, property lines of major industries/facilities, water bodies, hi-tension lines, drainage systems, pipelines etc. along with their lengths and area.
MIS to track Environmental and Social Risk
Client: India Infrastructure Financial Corporation Limited
The IIFCL has undertaken a project to implement an Environmental and Social Safeguards Management Information System (ESS-MIS) for monitoring the effectiveness of environmental and social safeguards of infrastructure projects being funded by the World Bank in India. The ESS-MIS would hep in evaluating the performance of different
environmental and social aspects related to each infrastructure project and subsequently aid the decision making process related to financial disbursements.
SENES is responsible for designing, development and implementation of the web-enabled MIS application software and its subsequent maintenance.
Customized GIS Software Development Project for 40 Urban Local Bodies in West Bengal
Client: Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor
Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor (KUSP), set up under the Municipal Affairs Department of the Government of West Bengal has initiated a GIS software development project that envisages implementing a web based Urban Spatial Planning Information System to support planning level decision making in the 40 urban local bodies in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA). SENES has been entrusted for preparation of the baseline survey and digitization/map preparation guidelines and coordination of GIS mapping surveys and validating the quality and data sufficiency of the GIS survey data on municipal utilties for 40 ULBs. SENES has also developed a customized web-GIS application that will enable decision makers and stakeholders to interact with the system through a browser based map viewer interface with the ability to select various map layers and perform spatial queries through predefined query modules.
Reporting and Information System (ERRIS) - A GIS based framework for
managing technological risks in India.
Client: European Commission & Indian
Chamber of Commerce
project involved developing a structured framework for voluntary
reporting of environmental risks by Corporates in the industrial
townships of Haldia and Durgapur (West Bengal) and thereafter
establishing a computerized and collective management information
system – the Environmental Risk Reporting and Information System
(ERRIS). The ERRIS is an integrated approach to industrial risk
management whereby industry management, decision makers and
government officials can make use of a spatial web-GIS to obtain
real time information on the hazards present within the industries,
nature of the chemicals, process details, site maps and internal
emergency management resources available in a particular industry.
The web-GIS also contains data about off-site sensitive receptors
and population, first responders such as police, fire, medical
agencies and may help in formulating decisive response decisions
within a short time. The spatial and non-spatial data is stored in a
backend database designed to meet the requirements for risk
management and is made available through a customized user interface
to responders and stakeholders of concern.
Gurgaon Land Use & Land
Cover Studies and Analysis
Client: Haryana Urban Development Authority
assisted the Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) to conduct a
city level EIA for Gurgaon city, one of the fastest growing urban
centres in the country. The study involved detailed GIS mapping of
the city, an understanding of the present land-use pattern, and
proper zonation of areas which are likely to be added to the city in
the near future. A study was also carried out for existing road
network to understand the potential impact on transportation in.
Various GIS based analytical models were developed to carry out
satellite imagery analysis, thereby identifying the key issues &
their impacts and subsequently formulating the mitigation measures.
Land Use Mapping of Nadia
& Murshidabad Districts in West Bengal
Client: Kolkata Municipal Development Authority
SENES prepared detailed land use / land cover maps
for development of a comprehensive flood management program for the
districts of Nadia and Murshidabad in West Bengal, known to be
affected by floods every year. Maps were developed based on the IRS
P6 imagery and flood sheets provided by the Kolkata Metropolitan
Development Authority (KMDA). The images were first geo-referenced,
followed by ground truthing and classification by image processing
software. In addition, onsite field verification and GPS surveys
were also conducted in both the districts. The project was funded by